Endoscope Cleaning: Importance of Biofilm Removal

Suggested Reading

  1. Alvarado C, Reichelderfer M. 2000. APIC guideline for infection prevention and control in flexible endoscopy. American Journal of Infection Control. 138-55.
  2. ASGE. 2011. Multisociety guideline on reprocessing flexible gastrointestinal endoscopes. American Society of GI Endoscopy. 1075-1084.
  3. Cowen AE. 2001. The clinical risks of infection associated with endoscopy. Canadian Journal of Gastroenteroloy. 321-331.
  4. Fang Y, et al. 2010. A study of the efficacy of bacterial biofilm cleanout for gastrointestinal endoscopes.  World Journal of Gastroenterology. 1019-1024.
  5. Kampf G, Blob R, Martiny H. 2004. Surface fixation of dried blood by gluteraldehyde and peracetic acid. Journal of Hospital Infection. 139-143.
  6. Prakash B, Veeregowda B, Krishnappa G. 2003. Biofilms: A survival strategy of bacteria. Current Science. 1299-1307.
  7. Rutala WA. 1996. APIC Guideline for selection and use of disinfectants. American Journal of Infection Control. 313-42
  8. SGNA. 2012. Standards of Infection Control in Reprocessing of Flexible Gastrointestinal Endoscopes. Chicago: Author.
  9. Sutherland I. 2001. Biofilm exopolysaccharides: A strong and sticky framework. Institute of cell and molecular biolology 3-9.
  10. Vickery K, Pajkos A, Cossart Y.  2004. Is biofilm accumulation on endoscope tubing a contributor to the failure of cleaning and decontamination? Journal of Hospital Infection. 224-229.


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