Biofilm in Endoscopy

Suggested Reading

  1. Alfa M.J., Howie R., "Modeling microbial survival in buildup biofilm for complex medical devices," BMC Infectious Disease, May 2009, 8(9): 56.
  2. Aumeran et al., "Multidrug-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae outbreak after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography," Endoscopy, 2010; 42(11): 895-899.
  3. Buckingham-Meyer, K., Goeres, D.M. and Hamilton, M.A. "Comparative evaluation of biofilm efficacy tests," Journal of Microbiological Methods, August 2007; 20(2): 236-244.
  4. Donlan, R., Costerton, J., "Biofilms: Survival Mechanisms of Clinically Relevant Microorganisms," Clinical Microbiology Reviews, April 2002; 15(2): 167–193.
  5. Habash, M., Reid, G., "Microbial Biofilms: Their Development and Significance for Medical Device-Related Infections," Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, 1999; 39:887-898.
  6. Kovaleva J., et al., "Mimicking disinfection and drying of biofilms in contaminated endoscopes," Journal of Hospital Infection, December 2010; 76(4): 345-350.
  7. McLaughlin-Borlace, L., Stapleton, F., Matheson, M., Dart, J.K.G., "Bacterial biofilm on contact lenses and lens storage cases in wearers with microbial keratitis," Journal of Applied Microbiology, 1998; 84: 827–838.
  8. Muscarella, L., "Investigation and prevention of infectious outbreaks during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography," Endoscopy, 2010; 42: 957-959.
  9. Nelson, D. B., Jarvis, W. R., Rutala, W. A., et al., (2003). "Multi-society guideline for reprocessing flexible gastrointestinal endoscopes," Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology, 24(7), 532-537. This document is also known as "The SHEA (Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America) Document".
  10. Pajkos, A., Vickery, K., Cossart, Y., "Is biofilm accumulation on endoscope tubing a contributor to the failure of cleaning and decontamination?" Journal of Hospital Infection, 2004; 58: 224-229.
  11. VanHaecke, E., Remon, J.P., Moors, M., Raes, F., DeRudder, D., VanPeteghem, A., "Kinetics of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Adhesion to 304 and 316-L Stainless Steel: Role of Cell Surface Hydrophobicity", Applied and Environmental Microbiology, March 1990; 56 (3): 788-795.
  12. Whiteley, R.K., Pajkos, A., Vickery, K., "Biofilms and their importance in infection control," Journal of Gastroenterological Nurses College of Australia, 2001; 11 (3): 18-22.

Internet References

"Life Sciences: Biofilms, friend or foe?" EUROPA: European Commission, published 11/19/2007, accessed 12/2010.

"FDA-Cleared Sterilants and High Level Disinfectants with General Claims for Processing Reusable Medical and Dental Devices - March 2009", accessed 1/2011.

 

Photographic References

Lewis, D.L., Environmental Research Laboratory, US Environmental Protection Agency, Athens, GA 30613, USA

Dirckx, P., Center for Biofilm Engineering, Montana State University

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